Your skin is the most exposed organ of your body and hence most susceptible to different reactions. If you get exposed to an allergen or irritant, or there is some disturbance in your physiological systems, your skin will start to show symptoms.

What are eczema, its symptoms, and its treatment?

Eczema is a common skin condition that causes dry and itchy skin patches.

It damages the skin barrier that doesn’t let the skin retain moisture and becomes easily susceptible to irritants. Symptoms of eczema may flare up whenever the person gets exposed to an allergen. 

These symptoms include dry and itchy skin with rashes, thick leathery skin patches, swelling, and flaky or crusty skin. Eczema is usually caused by environmental factors, compromised immunity, genes, or psychological factors.

Treatment depends entirely on the causes. A gentle moisturizer, topical medicines, oral anti-inflammatories, steroids, and antihistamines can help.

What are skin rashes and how do these occur?

Rashes are irritated or swollen areas on your body. These are itchy and painful.

Rashes are of various types, each breaking out due to different causes.

Similarly the treatment is also different for each type of rash. Rashes occur when the skin gets exposed to foreign bodies that you are allergic to. These irritants may be found in beauty products, soaps, detergents, dyes, chemicals, medications, food items, etc.

The best method to avoid rashes is to avoid contact with allergens.

OTC ointments and creams may help in relief. Oral antiallergy and steroids are also used for the treatment of rashes.

What is urticaria, and what factors trigger it?

Eczema,Skin rashes,Hives (urticaria)

Urticaria or hives are itchy, red, or skin-colored bumps on the skin. They appear and disappear frequently and are diagnosed through blanching, i.e., they turn white when pressed from the center.

Several factors that cause urticaria or hives include any food item, medicine, plant, pollen, environmental factor, garment, infections, blood transfusions, etc.

Management method requires investigation of the exact cause. That factor should be eliminated from your life completely. Other than that, antihistamines and topical ointments are prescribed for relief.

In case of severe hives that lead to troubled breathing, the doctor suggests keeping an epinephrine pen with you all the time.

 What role do hormones play in skin reactions?

Hormones have a significant effect on your skin. Estrogen helps stimulate the production of collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid. This lets your skin stay firm. Progesterone facilitates sebum production in the skin. This compresses the pores and should be within the limit to avoid oil buildup. Changing the hormone levels increases the skin’s sensitivity, which makes the skin vulnerable to irritants.

Smooth and disease-free skin is a dream of everyone, and even a little acne mark can be a nightmare. It is essential to take good care of your skin, take a healthy diet, and stay away from irritants to have healthy glowing skin. The best part is that skin conditions are manageable and don’t stay forever. A little effort is required, and you will have skin as good as a baby.